Kata are formal exercises which combine basic karate techniques blocking, punching, striking, and kicking into a series of predetermined movements. Kata combine offensive and defensive techniques, proper body movement, and changes in direction. The kata teach the karateka to dispose of numerous attackers from at least four directions.
Although the kata do not involve visible opponents, the karateka, through serious study of the kata, learns the art of self-defense and the ability to calmly and efficiently deal with dangerous situations.
|Heian||Peaceful way||Jitte||Ten hands|
|Tekki||Iron horse||Chinte||Extraordinary hands|
|Bassai||Penetrate a fortress dai=major, sho=minor||Nijushiho||24 steps|
|Kanku||Viewing the sky||Sochin||Preserve peace|
|Empi||Flying swallow||Unsu||Hands of a cloud|
|Jion||Bhuddist temple name||Gojushiho||54 steps|
|Hangetsu||Half moon||Jiin||Named after the saint|
|Gankaku||Crane on a rock||Wankan||Crown of a king|
|Meikyo||Mirror of the soul|